The Sensitivity of the Human Kv1.3 (hKv1.3) Lymphocyte K+ Channel to Regulation by PKA and PKC is Partially Lost in HEK 293 Host Cells

The Sensitivity of the Human Kv1.3 (hKv1.3) Lymphocyte K+ Channel to Regulation by PKA and PKC is... cDNA encoding the full-length hKv1.3 lymphocyte channel and a C-terminal truncated (Δ459-523) form that lacks the putative PKA Ser468 phosphorylation site were stably transfected in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. Immunostaining of the transfected cells revealed a distribution at the plasma membrane that was uniform in the case of the full-length channel whereas clustering was observed in the case of the truncated channel. Some staining within the cell cytoplasm was found in both instances, suggesting an active process of biosynthesis. Analyses of the K+ current by the patch-clamp technique in the whole cell configuration showed that depolarizing steps to 40 mV from a holding potential (HP) of −80 mV elicited an outward current of 2 to 10 nA. The current threshold was positive to −40 mV and the current amplitude increased in a voltage-dependent manner. The parameters of activation were −5.7 and −9.9 mV (slope factor) and −35 mV (half activation, V 0.5) in the case of the full-length and truncated channels, respectively. The characteristics of the inactivation were 14.2 and 24.6 mV (slope factor) and −17.3 and −39.0 mV (V 0.5) for the full-length and truncated channels, respectively. The activation time constant of the full-length channel for potentials ranging from −30 to 40 mV decreased from 18 to 12 msec whereas the inactivation time constant decreased from 6600 msec at −30 mV to 1800 msec at 40 mV. The unit current amplitude measured in cells bathing in 140 mm KCl was 1.3 ± 0.1 pA at 40 mV, the unit conductance, 34.5 pS and the zero current voltage, 0 mV. Both forms of the channels were inhibited by TEA, 4-AP, Ni2+ and charybdotoxin. In contrast to the native (Jurkat) lymphocyte Kv1.3 channel that is fully inhibited by PKA and PKC, the addition of TPA resulted in 34.6 ± 7.3% and 38.7 ± 9.4% inhibition of the full-length and the truncated channels, respectively. 8-BrcAMP induced a 39.4 ± 5.4% inhibition of the full-length channel but had no effect (8.6 ± 8.3%) on the truncated channel. Cell dialysis with alkaline phosphatase had no effects, suggesting that the decreased sensitivity of the transfected channels to PKA and PKC was not due to an already phosphorylated channel. Patch extract experiments suggested that the hKv1.3 channel was partially sensitive to PKA and PKC. Cotransfecting the Kvβ1.2 subunit resulted in a decrease in the value of the time constant of inactivation of the full-length channel but did not modify its sensitivity to PKA and PKC. The cotransfected Kvβ2 subunit had no effects. Our results indicate that the hKv1.3 lymphocyte channel retains its electrophysiological characteristics when transfected in the Kvβ-negative HEK 293 cell line but its sensitivity to modulation by PKA and PKC is significantly reduced. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

The Sensitivity of the Human Kv1.3 (hKv1.3) Lymphocyte K+ Channel to Regulation by PKA and PKC is Partially Lost in HEK 293 Host Cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-sensitivity-of-the-human-kv1-3-hkv1-3-lymphocyte-k-channel-to-R5n1R1xaVy
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900325
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial