cDNA encoding the full-length hKv1.3 lymphocyte channel and a C-terminal truncated (Δ459-523) form that lacks the putative PKA Ser468 phosphorylation site were stably transfected in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. Immunostaining of the transfected cells revealed a distribution at the plasma membrane that was uniform in the case of the full-length channel whereas clustering was observed in the case of the truncated channel. Some staining within the cell cytoplasm was found in both instances, suggesting an active process of biosynthesis. Analyses of the K+ current by the patch-clamp technique in the whole cell configuration showed that depolarizing steps to 40 mV from a holding potential (HP) of −80 mV elicited an outward current of 2 to 10 nA. The current threshold was positive to −40 mV and the current amplitude increased in a voltage-dependent manner. The parameters of activation were −5.7 and −9.9 mV (slope factor) and −35 mV (half activation, V 0.5) in the case of the full-length and truncated channels, respectively. The characteristics of the inactivation were 14.2 and 24.6 mV (slope factor) and −17.3 and −39.0 mV (V 0.5) for the full-length and truncated channels, respectively. The activation time constant of the full-length channel for potentials ranging from −30 to 40 mV decreased from 18 to 12 msec whereas the inactivation time constant decreased from 6600 msec at −30 mV to 1800 msec at 40 mV. The unit current amplitude measured in cells bathing in 140 mm KCl was 1.3 ± 0.1 pA at 40 mV, the unit conductance, 34.5 pS and the zero current voltage, 0 mV. Both forms of the channels were inhibited by TEA, 4-AP, Ni2+ and charybdotoxin. In contrast to the native (Jurkat) lymphocyte Kv1.3 channel that is fully inhibited by PKA and PKC, the addition of TPA resulted in 34.6 ± 7.3% and 38.7 ± 9.4% inhibition of the full-length and the truncated channels, respectively. 8-BrcAMP induced a 39.4 ± 5.4% inhibition of the full-length channel but had no effect (8.6 ± 8.3%) on the truncated channel. Cell dialysis with alkaline phosphatase had no effects, suggesting that the decreased sensitivity of the transfected channels to PKA and PKC was not due to an already phosphorylated channel. Patch extract experiments suggested that the hKv1.3 channel was partially sensitive to PKA and PKC. Cotransfecting the Kvβ1.2 subunit resulted in a decrease in the value of the time constant of inactivation of the full-length channel but did not modify its sensitivity to PKA and PKC. The cotransfected Kvβ2 subunit had no effects. Our results indicate that the hKv1.3 lymphocyte channel retains its electrophysiological characteristics when transfected in the Kvβ-negative HEK 293 cell line but its sensitivity to modulation by PKA and PKC is significantly reduced.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 15, 1998
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