Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 41, No. 4, 2005, pp. 339–340. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 41, No. 4, 2005, pp. 437–438. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by the Editorial Board. 2005 marks 40 years since the ﬁrst issue of Genetika identiﬁed and described several novel important genes (in English translation, Russian Journal of Genetics). and proteins involved in transcription control. Russian science has experienced hard times during the Progress was also made in studying chromatin. past 15 years, with the breakdown of the Soviet Union I.F. Zhimulev discovered the gene determining hetero- and dramatic cuts in funding for scientiﬁc research. chromatin formation and the characteristics of chromo- Nevertheless, we may now assert that Russian science, somes in heterochromatin regions. N.A. Churikov and the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the country’s S.V. Razin identiﬁed large structural and functional geneticists lived through those hard times honorably. domains of DNA. Yu.V. Ilyin demonstrated that trans- Foreign and international foundations, such as INTAS posable elements can infect cells as viruses do. and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, provided In the ﬁeld of general genetics, noteworthy were large- Russian science much support in that period. scale studies on human gene pools and gene
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2005
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