Harttia is a genus of the subfamily Loricariinae that posses a broad chromosomal variation. In addition to interspecific karyotype diversity within this group, a multiple sex chromosome system, XX/XY1Y2, has been described for Harttia carvalhoi. Thus, this study aimed to determine the role of chromosomal rearrangements in karyotype differentiation in Harttia by classical and molecular cytogenetic procedures. The results show that Robertsonian rearrangements have a prominent role in the chromosomal diversification of the species analysed, which initially leads to hypothesize a diploid number reduction in Harttia torrenticola and H. carvalhoi. The metacentric chromosome 1, shared between H. torrenticola and H. carvalhoi, could have originated from centric fusions from the ancestral karyotype. A centric fission event associated with the first metacentric pair allowed for the origination of a multiple sex chromosome system XX/XY1Y2, specific to H. carvalhoi. This study highlights the relevance of Robertsonian rearrangements in karyotypic differentiation of the species studied and demonstrates that the occurrence of a centric fission, as opposed to a previously hypothesised chromosome fusion, is directly implicated in the origin of the sex chromosome system of H. carvalhoi.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 12, 2012
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