The role of the Robertsonian rearrangements in the origin of the XX/XY1Y2 sex chromosome system and in the chromosomal differentiation in Harttia species (Siluriformes, Loricariidae)

The role of the Robertsonian rearrangements in the origin of the XX/XY1Y2 sex chromosome system... Harttia is a genus of the subfamily Loricariinae that posses a broad chromosomal variation. In addition to interspecific karyotype diversity within this group, a multiple sex chromosome system, XX/XY1Y2, has been described for Harttia carvalhoi. Thus, this study aimed to determine the role of chromosomal rearrangements in karyotype differentiation in Harttia by classical and molecular cytogenetic procedures. The results show that Robertsonian rearrangements have a prominent role in the chromosomal diversification of the species analysed, which initially leads to hypothesize a diploid number reduction in Harttia torrenticola and H. carvalhoi. The metacentric chromosome 1, shared between H. torrenticola and H. carvalhoi, could have originated from centric fusions from the ancestral karyotype. A centric fission event associated with the first metacentric pair allowed for the origination of a multiple sex chromosome system XX/XY1Y2, specific to H. carvalhoi. This study highlights the relevance of Robertsonian rearrangements in karyotypic differentiation of the species studied and demonstrates that the occurrence of a centric fission, as opposed to a previously hypothesised chromosome fusion, is directly implicated in the origin of the sex chromosome system of H. carvalhoi. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries Springer Journals

The role of the Robertsonian rearrangements in the origin of the XX/XY1Y2 sex chromosome system and in the chromosomal differentiation in Harttia species (Siluriformes, Loricariidae)

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Zoology
ISSN
0960-3166
eISSN
1573-5184
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11160-012-9283-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Harttia is a genus of the subfamily Loricariinae that posses a broad chromosomal variation. In addition to interspecific karyotype diversity within this group, a multiple sex chromosome system, XX/XY1Y2, has been described for Harttia carvalhoi. Thus, this study aimed to determine the role of chromosomal rearrangements in karyotype differentiation in Harttia by classical and molecular cytogenetic procedures. The results show that Robertsonian rearrangements have a prominent role in the chromosomal diversification of the species analysed, which initially leads to hypothesize a diploid number reduction in Harttia torrenticola and H. carvalhoi. The metacentric chromosome 1, shared between H. torrenticola and H. carvalhoi, could have originated from centric fusions from the ancestral karyotype. A centric fission event associated with the first metacentric pair allowed for the origination of a multiple sex chromosome system XX/XY1Y2, specific to H. carvalhoi. This study highlights the relevance of Robertsonian rearrangements in karyotypic differentiation of the species studied and demonstrates that the occurrence of a centric fission, as opposed to a previously hypothesised chromosome fusion, is directly implicated in the origin of the sex chromosome system of H. carvalhoi.

Journal

Reviews in Fish Biology and FisheriesSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 12, 2012

References

  • The use of clove oil as an anaesthetic and method for sampling intertidal rockpool fishes
    Griffiths, SP
  • Genetics of neotropical fish: from chromosomes to populations
    Oliveira, C; Foresti, F; Hilsdorf, AWS

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