The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of molecular structure on impact resistance (a n) and bending strength (σ) of photocured urethane-dimethacrylate polymer networks. Urethane-dimethacrylate (UDMA) monomers were synthesized through reaction of oligoethylene glycol monomethacrylate (OEGMMA) with diisocyanate (DI). OEGMMA varied within the length of the oligooxyethylene chain, which consisted of one to four oxyethylene units. DI varied in chemical character: aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic. The molecular structure of UDMA polymers was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, which allowed the calculation of the d-spacing (d) and dimensions of microgel agglomerates (D). The measurements of the polymerization shrinkage were used for the determination of the degree of conversion (DC), whereas the concentration of double bonds was used as a measure of the crosslink density (q). It was found that all structural parameters depend on the UDMA chemical structure. The increasing length of the oligooxyethylene chains caused the decrease in d and q, in contrast to the increase in D and DC. The DI chemical character caused the increase in the DC and q accordingly: symmetrical cycloaliphatic or aromatic < asymmetrical cycloaliphatic and aromatic < substituted aliphatic < linear aliphatic. The compact packing and high DC in polymers derived from aliphatic DIs gave rise to the decrease in d and the increase in D. The non-planar conformation of cycloaliphatic DIs emerged in high d as well as D. The planar conformation of aromatic DIs resulted in the decrease in d as well as D. The study indicated that mechanical behavior of UDMA polymer networks can be explained in terms of the structural parameters. DC and q appeared to be the main factors determining both mechanical properties of poly(UDMA)s. The a n was also shown to be affected by d. Particularly high linear correlations were found on a semi-logarithmic scale for the DC and d with a n. a n increased as the DC increased, whereas d decreased.
Polymer Bulletin – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 16, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera