The role of molecular structure on impact resistance and bending strength of photocured urethane-dimethacrylate polymer networks

The role of molecular structure on impact resistance and bending strength of photocured... The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of molecular structure on impact resistance (a n) and bending strength (σ) of photocured urethane-dimethacrylate polymer networks. Urethane-dimethacrylate (UDMA) monomers were synthesized through reaction of oligoethylene glycol monomethacrylate (OEGMMA) with diisocyanate (DI). OEGMMA varied within the length of the oligooxyethylene chain, which consisted of one to four oxyethylene units. DI varied in chemical character: aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic. The molecular structure of UDMA polymers was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, which allowed the calculation of the d-spacing (d) and dimensions of microgel agglomerates (D). The measurements of the polymerization shrinkage were used for the determination of the degree of conversion (DC), whereas the concentration of double bonds was used as a measure of the crosslink density (q). It was found that all structural parameters depend on the UDMA chemical structure. The increasing length of the oligooxyethylene chains caused the decrease in d and q, in contrast to the increase in D and DC. The DI chemical character caused the increase in the DC and q accordingly: symmetrical cycloaliphatic or aromatic < asymmetrical cycloaliphatic and aromatic < substituted aliphatic < linear aliphatic. The compact packing and high DC in polymers derived from aliphatic DIs gave rise to the decrease in d and the increase in D. The non-planar conformation of cycloaliphatic DIs emerged in high d as well as D. The planar conformation of aromatic DIs resulted in the decrease in d as well as D. The study indicated that mechanical behavior of UDMA polymer networks can be explained in terms of the structural parameters. DC and q appeared to be the main factors determining both mechanical properties of poly(UDMA)s. The a n was also shown to be affected by d. Particularly high linear correlations were found on a semi-logarithmic scale for the DC and d with a n. a n increased as the DC increased, whereas d decreased. Polymer Bulletin Springer Journals

The role of molecular structure on impact resistance and bending strength of photocured urethane-dimethacrylate polymer networks

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Physical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial