Supported Pt and Pd are most commonly used for oxidation catalysts. They have similar and different characteristics for deactivation factors. The catalytic activity of Pt and Pd catalysts supported on γ-Al2O3 was studied in the presence and absence of H2O and SO2 during CO oxidation under simulated conditions of diesel exhaust gas. Without the addition of H2O and SO2 to the feed gas, Pd/Al2O3 had a superior catalytic activity compared to Pt/Al2O3. The addition of H2O to the feed gas strongly and negligibly affected the activity of Pd and Pt, respectively, while the addition of SO2 to the feed gas had a strong poisoning effect on the catalytic activity of both Pt and Pd catalysts. Although being the most active, Pd catalysts exhibited a strong sensitivity to water and sulfur-containing compounds. Fe was added to the Pt and Pd catalysts to introduce sulfur resistance. The addition of Fe enhanced the activity of the catalysts by suppressing the phase transition of Al2O3 to Al2(SO4)3 and by hindering metal sintering.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 18, 2011
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