The Role of Core Self-Evaluations in Explaining Depression and Work Engagement among Managers

The Role of Core Self-Evaluations in Explaining Depression and Work Engagement among Managers The present study tests interaction effects between working characteristics and core self-evaluations (CSE) among managers. Based on the job demands-resources model, we outline that CSE is a buffer for negative health-related consequences initialized by facing high job demands. Moreover, we hypothesize that CSE is positively linked to job resources and motivation. A sample of 282 managers participated in the study in Germany. Results based on hierarchical regression analysis confirmed that high CSE significantly weakens the positive relationship between high job demands and depression among managers. Furthermore, a significant interaction effect between job resources and CSE on work engagement was found. Therefore, the study reveals that it seems unlikely that CSE biases how managers appraise the environment since individuals low in CSE benefitted more from favorable working conditions than those high in CSE. Suggestions for future research as well as implications for theory and practice are derived. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Psychology Springer Journals

The Role of Core Self-Evaluations in Explaining Depression and Work Engagement among Managers

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Psychology; Psychology, general; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
1046-1310
eISSN
1936-4733
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12144-016-9439-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present study tests interaction effects between working characteristics and core self-evaluations (CSE) among managers. Based on the job demands-resources model, we outline that CSE is a buffer for negative health-related consequences initialized by facing high job demands. Moreover, we hypothesize that CSE is positively linked to job resources and motivation. A sample of 282 managers participated in the study in Germany. Results based on hierarchical regression analysis confirmed that high CSE significantly weakens the positive relationship between high job demands and depression among managers. Furthermore, a significant interaction effect between job resources and CSE on work engagement was found. Therefore, the study reveals that it seems unlikely that CSE biases how managers appraise the environment since individuals low in CSE benefitted more from favorable working conditions than those high in CSE. Suggestions for future research as well as implications for theory and practice are derived.

Journal

Current PsychologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 2, 2016

References

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