The role of chromosome rearrangements in the evolution of mole voles of the genus Ellobius (Rodentia, Mammalia)

The role of chromosome rearrangements in the evolution of mole voles of the genus Ellobius... Modern mole voles of the genus Ellobius are characterized by species-specific features of autosomes and sex chromosomes. Owing to the use of the Zoo-FISH method, the nomenclature of chromosomes was refined and nonhomologous Robertsonian translocations indistinguishable by G-staining were identified for Ellobius tancrei, which is a species with a wide chromosome variation of the Robertsonian type. The electron-microscopic analysis of synaptonemal complexes in F1 hybrids of forms with 2n = 50 and 2n = 48 revealed the formation of a closed SC-pentavalent composed of three metacentrics with monobrachial homology and two acrocentrics. Segregation of chromosomes of such complex systems is impeded by disturbances in the nucleus architecture leading to the formation of unbalanced gametes and to a dramatic reduction in fertility of hybrids. Our data support the hypothesis that the formation of monobrachial homologous metacentric chromosomes can be considered as a way of chromosomal speciation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

The role of chromosome rearrangements in the evolution of mole voles of the genus Ellobius (Rodentia, Mammalia)

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795410090346
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Modern mole voles of the genus Ellobius are characterized by species-specific features of autosomes and sex chromosomes. Owing to the use of the Zoo-FISH method, the nomenclature of chromosomes was refined and nonhomologous Robertsonian translocations indistinguishable by G-staining were identified for Ellobius tancrei, which is a species with a wide chromosome variation of the Robertsonian type. The electron-microscopic analysis of synaptonemal complexes in F1 hybrids of forms with 2n = 50 and 2n = 48 revealed the formation of a closed SC-pentavalent composed of three metacentrics with monobrachial homology and two acrocentrics. Segregation of chromosomes of such complex systems is impeded by disturbances in the nucleus architecture leading to the formation of unbalanced gametes and to a dramatic reduction in fertility of hybrids. Our data support the hypothesis that the formation of monobrachial homologous metacentric chromosomes can be considered as a way of chromosomal speciation.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 30, 2010

References

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