The excretion of organic acids into the rhizosphere is induced by low phosphorus content in roots of white lupine (Lupinus albus L.). The aim of this study was to investigate how did the white lupine roots respond to the signals of P-deficiency in the substrate, by using the method of separating the root system into two parts, one part being placed into P-deficient solution and another part into P-sufficient solution. The results showed that the root tips (1-cm-long) accept the signal of P-deficiency in the substrate. This signal can be transmitted from one root tip to another, and can induce the accumulation and excretion of malic acid in the root tips and the development of proteoid roots. In order to investigate whether a phytohormone was involved in the response, the external hormones were used. Indole-3-butyric acid added to P-sufficient solution can induce the development of proteoid roots, but without any accumulation of citric acid in them. On the contrary, 6-benzyladenine (BA) added to the P-deficient solution can inhibit the development of proteoid roots and the accumulation of malic acid in the root tips. The inhibitory effect increases with increasing BA supply.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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