The Na+/HCO3 − cotransporter is the main system that mediates bicarbonate removal out of the proximal tubule cell into the blood. We have previously partially purified this protein and showed that chemical modification of the α-amino groups by fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) inhibited the activity of the Na+/HCO3 − cotransporter. The inhibition was prevented by the presence of Na and bicarbonate suggesting that this compound binds at or near the substrate transport sites of the cotransporter. We examined the effect of agents that modify the sulfhydryl group (dithiothreitol), carboxyl groups (n-n′dicyclohexyl carbodiimide) and tyrosine residues (p-nitrobenzene sulfonyl fluoride, n-acetyl imidazole and tetranitromethane) on the activity of the cotransporter to gain insight into the chemical residues which may be important for transport function. The sulfhydryl residues modifier, carboxyl group modifier, and tyrosine modifier significantly inhibited bicarbonate dependent 22Na uptake in basolateral membranes by 50–70% without altering the 22Na uptake in the presence of gluconate indicating that these agents directly affected the cotransporter without affecting diffusive sodium uptake. The effect of the tyrosine modifier n-acetylimidazole was not prevented by the presence of Na and bicarbonate suggesting that the tyrosine residues are not at the substrate binding sites. To determine the presence and role of glycosylation on the Na+/HCO3 − cotransporter protein, we examined the effects of different glycosidases (endoglycosidase F and H, N-glycosidase F, O-glycanase) on the cotransporter activity. All glycosidases caused a significant 50–80% inhibition of cotransporter activity. These data demonstrate that N-glycosylation as well as O-glycosylation are important for the function of the Na+/HCO3 − cotransporter protein. Taken together, these results suggest that chemical modifiers of tyrosine, carboxyl and sulfhydryl groups as well as glycosylation are important for expression of full functional activity of the cotransporter.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 1997
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera