Plants of extremophile Thellungiella (Thellungiella salsuginea (Pall.) OE Schulz) withstood freezing at −15°C for 2 h without hardening, whereas plants of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heinh.) were damaged at −10°C and died at −15°C under these conditions. The content of heat shock proteins (HSPs) HSP101, HSP60 and constitutive HSC70 was significantly higher in unhardened Thellungiella plants than in unhardened Arabidopsis plants. The spectrum of dehydrins (DHNs) in unhardened Thellungiella plants was more diverse and their total content was higher than in unhardened Arabidopsis plants. Frost resistance of Arabidopsis increased after hardening (4°C, 7 days), and there was an increase in the content of HSP101 and HSP60, as well as in the content of the DHN with a mol wt of 70 kD. Thellungiella plants survived after hardening at −18°C, and the increase in the content of HSP101, HSP70, and HSP60 was significantly less pronounced than in Arabidopsis. At the same time, the content of DHNs in Thellungiella increased significantly during the hardening primarily because of the appearance of two DHNs (mol wts of 42 and 45 kD). It is assumed that an increased content of HSPs and DHNs and their greater diversity can be one of the factors of Thellungiella resistance to low temperatures as compared to Arabidopsis.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 27, 2014
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