The Relationship Between Personality and Somatic and Psychological Distress: A Comparison of Chinese and Australian Adolescents

The Relationship Between Personality and Somatic and Psychological Distress: A Comparison of... The extent to which correlations between personality domains and physical and psychological health generalize cross-cul- turally is unclear. We compared the strength of associations between the personality domains and somatic and psychological distress in Chinese (N = 2069) and a genetically informative sample of Australian (N = 2936) adolescents. We also examined the genetic and environmental etiology between personality, somatic and psychological distress in an Australian sample of 390 monozygotic twins and 698 dizygotic twins. In both populations, personality was assessed using the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Somatic and psychological distress was assessed using the Somatic and Psychological Health Report. We found significant cultural differences in the relationship between adolescents’ personality traits and somatic and psychological distress. Extraversion was positively associated with somatic distress in the Chinese but not in Austral- ian adolescents. In the Australian twins, genetic covariation between neuroticism and somatic and psychological distress was stronger compared to the genetic associations between either psychoticism or extraversion with psychological distress. Keywords Australian · Chinese · Personality, somatic and psychological distress Introduction FFM domains with indices of health including maladaptive behaviors and psychological disorders (Brikmanis et  al. Beginning with early proto-psychological theories based on 2017; Brummett et al. 2007; Butkovic et al. 2017; http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behavior Genetics Springer Journals

The Relationship Between Personality and Somatic and Psychological Distress: A Comparison of Chinese and Australian Adolescents

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Psychology; Clinical Psychology; Health Psychology; Public Health
ISSN
0001-8244
eISSN
1573-3297
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10519-018-9905-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The extent to which correlations between personality domains and physical and psychological health generalize cross-cul- turally is unclear. We compared the strength of associations between the personality domains and somatic and psychological distress in Chinese (N = 2069) and a genetically informative sample of Australian (N = 2936) adolescents. We also examined the genetic and environmental etiology between personality, somatic and psychological distress in an Australian sample of 390 monozygotic twins and 698 dizygotic twins. In both populations, personality was assessed using the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Somatic and psychological distress was assessed using the Somatic and Psychological Health Report. We found significant cultural differences in the relationship between adolescents’ personality traits and somatic and psychological distress. Extraversion was positively associated with somatic distress in the Chinese but not in Austral- ian adolescents. In the Australian twins, genetic covariation between neuroticism and somatic and psychological distress was stronger compared to the genetic associations between either psychoticism or extraversion with psychological distress. Keywords Australian · Chinese · Personality, somatic and psychological distress Introduction FFM domains with indices of health including maladaptive behaviors and psychological disorders (Brikmanis et  al. Beginning with early proto-psychological theories based on 2017; Brummett et al. 2007; Butkovic et al. 2017;

Journal

Behavior GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 5, 2018

References

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