A method of positive selection of mutants with impaired regulation of flavinogenesis and metal homeostasis in yeast Pichia guilliermondii was developed. This positive selection system was based on the isolation of pseudo-wild-type revertants (the Rib+ phenotype) in riboflavin-dependent rib1-86 mutant (the Rib– phenotype) of yeast P. guilliermondii. Mutation rib1-86 blocks activity of the GTP cyclohydrolase II catalyzing the first step in riboflavin (RF) biosynthesis. Study of a collection of spontaneous Rib+ revertants allowed the identification of a considerably large number of genetic loci responsible for the suppression of rib1-86, which include both previously identified three loci (rib80, rib81, andhit1) and six new loci designated red1–red6 (reduction). A comparative analysis of the wild-type strain and red mutants revealed that these mutants had higher activity levels of GTP cyclohydrolase and RF-synthase, elevated levels of RF biosynthesis, enhanced Fe/Cu reductase activity and higher total iron content in cells and that they are characterized by enhanced sensitivity to transition metals (Fe(III), Cu(II), Cd(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Ag(I)) and to H2O2. The metal hypersensitivity of mutant cells can be prevented by an increased amount of extracellular iron ions. Mutations red1 and red6 synergistically interact with the locus rib81 in the course of RF biosynthesis. Obviously, each RED gene plays an important role in the regulation of both flavinogenesis and metal homeostasis in P. guilliermondii cells.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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