Molecular data on Potato mop-top virus (PMTV), genus Pomovirus , is currently mostly based on analysis of two Scottish isolates, PMTV-S and PMTV-T. Here we report the complete sequence of “the coat protein (CP) encoding RNA” of an isolate of PMTV obtained from the field in Sweden. Our data show that this RNA (3134 nt) is the second largest of the three RNA species in the tripartite PMTV genome, and it should, therefore, be referred to as RNA 2. This nomenclature is consistent with other pomoviruses. The sequence of the readthrough domain (RT) of RNA 2 was determined also in two additional field isolates of PMTV from Finland and Denmark. All three isolates contained a novel, 109 nucleotides long sequence at the 3′-end of the RT, which has not been found in PMTV-S and PMTV-T. Hence, our data suggest that the RNA 2 sequences previously described for the isolates PMTV-T and PMTV-S may represent deletion derivatives. The C-proximal half of RT contained many amino acid (aa) differences among the isolates, in contrast to only few aa differences in the N-proximal part of RT. Deletion variants of RNA 2 were generated from the Nordic isolates in potato tubers infected in the field, and in the mechanically inoculated test plants. All deletions started within a short region (18 nt) and removed 558–940 nt from the 3′-end of RT region. This study for the first time describes the full-length sequence of the “CP-encoding RNA” (RNA2) of PMTV, and reveals considerable aa variability and occurrence of deletion variants of RT in the field isolates of PMTV.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2001
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