The radiation footprint on the pediatric trauma patient

The radiation footprint on the pediatric trauma patient Background: The actual baseline of radiation exposure used in evaluating pediatric trauma is not known and has relied on estimates in the literature that may not reflect clinical reality. Our objectives were to determine the baseline amount of radiation delivered in a pediatric trauma evaluation and correlate radiation exposure with trauma activation status to identify the cohort most at risk. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated trauma patients (N = 1050) at an independent Level I children’s hospital for each level of trauma activation (consults, alerts, stats) from June 2010 to January 2011. Those patients with full dosimetry (N = 215) were analyzed for demographics, mechanism of injury, Injury Severity Score, imaging modalities, and total effective radiation dosages during the full trauma assessment from the time of injury to discharge. Results: Demographics included gender (143 males, 72 females) and average age (5.5 years [range < 1–16]). The most radiation was conferred from CTs and greatest in trauma stats, followed by alerts, then consults (p <0.001 for stat and alert doses compared to consults). Repeated imaging was common: 35% of stats had 2–3CTs and 40% had4–10 CTs (range 0–10 CTs). The average non-accidental trauma consult utilized four times as many CTs as http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Emergency Medicine Springer Journals

The radiation footprint on the pediatric trauma patient

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s).
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Emergency Medicine; Pediatrics; Internal Medicine; Angiology; Cardiology
ISSN
1865-1372
eISSN
1865-1380
D.O.I.
10.1186/s12245-018-0175-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background: The actual baseline of radiation exposure used in evaluating pediatric trauma is not known and has relied on estimates in the literature that may not reflect clinical reality. Our objectives were to determine the baseline amount of radiation delivered in a pediatric trauma evaluation and correlate radiation exposure with trauma activation status to identify the cohort most at risk. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated trauma patients (N = 1050) at an independent Level I children’s hospital for each level of trauma activation (consults, alerts, stats) from June 2010 to January 2011. Those patients with full dosimetry (N = 215) were analyzed for demographics, mechanism of injury, Injury Severity Score, imaging modalities, and total effective radiation dosages during the full trauma assessment from the time of injury to discharge. Results: Demographics included gender (143 males, 72 females) and average age (5.5 years [range < 1–16]). The most radiation was conferred from CTs and greatest in trauma stats, followed by alerts, then consults (p <0.001 for stat and alert doses compared to consults). Repeated imaging was common: 35% of stats had 2–3CTs and 40% had4–10 CTs (range 0–10 CTs). The average non-accidental trauma consult utilized four times as many CTs as

Journal

International Journal of Emergency MedicineSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 14, 2018

References

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