The method of polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify a fragment of the LZ-NBS-LRR receptor kinase gene R1; the gene was transferred into potato (Solanum tuberosum) from its wild-growing relative S. demissum and confers the race-specific recognition of the pathogen Phytophthora infestans. To verify this method as a test for the presence of the late blight resistance gene R1, the amplified genome fragment was cloned from the potato hybrid comprising the germplasm of S. demissum. The primary structure of this fragment, which corresponded to the receptor domain of kinase, did not practically differ from the matching sequence in S. demissum. In addition, the method was verified by scoring the set of plant differentials, wherein the presence of R1 was established with race-specific Phytophthora isolates. By screening 70 potato cultivars, we established a significant relationship between the presence of the gene R1 fragment and the phenotypic characters of late blight resistance and late maturity. This evidence supports the idea that R1 was introgressed from short-day S. demissum into potato plants together with some gene(s) conferring late transition to flowering.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 15, 2006
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