It has been suggested that Citrus viroid IV (CVd-IV) be classified as a species within the genus Cocadviroid . This relationship was based on the presence of a terminal conserved hairpin (TCH) and absence of a terminal conserved region (TCR) as specific structural motifs in common with isolates of Coconut cadang-cadang viroid (CCCVd) as well as phylogenetic relationships with members of the genus Cocadviroid . Evidence is presented for a “vestigial” TCR in CVd-IV as well as the introduction of the terminal repeat region (TRR) motif and an alternative sequence analysis that suggests a closer phylogenetic relationship of CVd-IV to isolates of Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVd), a species within the genus Pospiviroid than to CCCVd. This position is further supported by the striking similarity of biological properties between CVd-IV and CEVd with the suggestion offered that biological evidence be considered for specific adjustments to any overall classification scheme for viroids.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2005
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