Fudan J. Hum. Soc. Sci. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40647-018-0229-8 ORI G IN AL PA PER The Public Sphere in Modern China: Forms, Functions and Self-Understandings—A Case Study of Shanghai Jilin Xu Received: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 9 May 2018 Fudan University 2018 Abstract Using the case of Shanghai, this article, by starting with a discussion of the historical evolution of political legitimacy in China, analyzes the public sphere in Modern China and its native ideological origin, historical forms and functions in public opinion, and probes into its universality and particularity through a com- parison with Ju ¨ rgen Habermas’s notion of the public sphere. Keywords Public sphere Public opinion Political legitimacy Shiwu Bao Modern Shanghai In recent 10 years, international scholars, especially US sinologists, have been trying to apply Ju ¨ rgen Habermas’s theory of the public sphere, along with the theory of civil society, to Ming-Qing Chinese society. However, this has aroused considerable controversy. Though the controversy centers on the empirical analysis, there is a more profound underlying theoretical issue here. As an abstract idea based on the history of Europe, Ju ¨ rgen Habermas’s theory of public sphere is an empirical ideal type, as well
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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