The proteins of the Hepatitis C virus : Their features and interactions with intracellular protein phosphorylation

The proteins of the Hepatitis C virus : Their features and interactions with intracellular... Chronic infection with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) often results in cirrhosis and enhances the probability of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The underlying mechanisms that lead to malignant transformation of infected cells, however, remain unclear. Observations made with isolated HCV antigens and/or with HCV subgenomic replicon systems demonstrated that the products encoded in the HCV genome interfere with and disturb intracellular signal transduction, often by phosphorylation of cellular proteins. Moreover, some of the HCV-encoded proteins seem to serve as substrates for host cell protein kinases. These phosphorylations affect the biological functions of the antigens. In many cases it could be demonstrated that only short stretches of the linear sequence of the viral or cellular proteins are involved and play a crucial role for these phosphorylation events. The identification of these small polypeptide elements and the subsequent development of strategies to inhibit protein–protein interactions involving them may be the first step towards reducing the chronicity and/or of the carcinogenicity of the virus. This review summarizes current knowledge of intracellular phosphorylation processes that are affected by HCV. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The proteins of the Hepatitis C virus : Their features and interactions with intracellular protein phosphorylation

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-003-0115-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chronic infection with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) often results in cirrhosis and enhances the probability of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The underlying mechanisms that lead to malignant transformation of infected cells, however, remain unclear. Observations made with isolated HCV antigens and/or with HCV subgenomic replicon systems demonstrated that the products encoded in the HCV genome interfere with and disturb intracellular signal transduction, often by phosphorylation of cellular proteins. Moreover, some of the HCV-encoded proteins seem to serve as substrates for host cell protein kinases. These phosphorylations affect the biological functions of the antigens. In many cases it could be demonstrated that only short stretches of the linear sequence of the viral or cellular proteins are involved and play a crucial role for these phosphorylation events. The identification of these small polypeptide elements and the subsequent development of strategies to inhibit protein–protein interactions involving them may be the first step towards reducing the chronicity and/or of the carcinogenicity of the virus. This review summarizes current knowledge of intracellular phosphorylation processes that are affected by HCV.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2003

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