A cDNA encoding CYP79B1 has been isolated from Sinapis alba. CYP79B1 from S. alba shows 54% sequence identity and 73% similarity to sorghum CYP79A1 and 95% sequence identity to the Arabidopsis T42902, assigned CYP79B2. The high identity and similarity to sorghum CYP79A1, which catalyses the conversion of tyrosine to p-hydroxyphenylacetaldoxime in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin, suggests that CYP79B1 similarly catalyses the conversion of amino acid(s) to aldoxime(s) in the biosynthesis of glucosinolates. Within the highly conserved ‘PERF’ and the heme-binding region of A-type cytochromes, the CYP79 family has unique substitutions that define the family-specific consensus sequences of FXP(E/D)RH and SFSTG(K/R)RGC(A/I)A, respectively. Sequence analysis of PCR products generated with CYP79B subfamily-specific primers identified CYP79B homologues in Tropaeolum majus, Carica papaya, Arabidopsis, Brassica napus and S. alba. The five glucosinolate-producing plants identified a CYP79B amino acid consensus sequence KPERHLNECSEVTLTENDLRFISFSTGKRGC. The unique substitutions in the ‘PERF’ and the heme-binding domain and the high sequence identity and similarity of CYP79B1, CYP79B2 and CYP79A1, together with the isolation of CYP79B homologues in the distantly related Tropaeolaceae, Caricaceae and Brassicaceae within the Capparales order, show that the initial part of the biosynthetic pathway of glucosinolates and cyanogenic glucosides is catalysed by evolutionarily conserved cytochromes P450. This confirms that the appearance of glucosinolates in Capparales is based on a cyanogen ‘predisposition’. Identification of CYP79 homologues in glucosinolate-producing plants provides an important tool for tissue-specific regulation of the level of glucosinolates to improve nutritional value and pest resistance.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud