The process of accumulation of knowledge on wheat and related wild species during the 20th century is briefly reviewed with special reference to the evidence of the recent years on evolution of polyploid wheats and the role of diploid species. The latter serve as potential donors of the genomes, detection of which is particularly important because of the continuing speciation in the tribe Triticeae and artificial development of synthetic forms. The arguments in favor of the donor role for various diploid wheat and aegilops species from the section Sitopsis are compared. It is stated that in the formation of the both lines of polyploid wheats turgidum–aestivumand timopheevi,diploid Aegilops speltoides acted as a maternal form. In addition to cytoplasmic genomes, this aegilops species introduced into them also the B and G nuclear subgenomes. A comparison of nucleotide sequences in the variable part of the promoter of evolutionary conserved rRNA genes in polyploid wheats with their counterparts in diploid wheats and aegilops species confirmed the accepted wheat phylogenies.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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