Forms are our gates to the Web. They enable us to access the deep content of Web sites. Automatic form understanding provides applications, ranging from crawlers over meta-search engines to service integrators, with a key to this content. Yet, it has received little attention other than as component in specific applications such as crawlers or meta-search engines. No comprehensive approach to form understanding exists, let alone one that produces rich models for semantic services or integration with linked open data. In this paper, we present opal , the first comprehensive approach to form understanding and integration. We identify form labeling and form interpretation as the two main tasks involved in form understanding. On both problems, opal advances the state of the art: For form labeling, it combines features from the text, structure, and visual rendering of a Web page. In extensive experiments on the ICQ and TEL-8 benchmarks and a set of 200 modern Web forms, opal outperforms previous approaches for form labeling by a significant margin. For form interpretation, opal uses a schema (or ontology) of forms in a given domain. Thanks to this domain schema, it is able to produce nearly perfect ( $$>$$ > 97 % accuracy in the evaluation domains) form interpretations. Yet, the effort to produce a domain schema is very low, as we provide a datalog-based template language that eases the specification of such schemata and a methodology for deriving a domain schema largely automatically from an existing domain ontology. We demonstrate the value of opal ’s form interpretations through a light-weight form integration system that successfully translates and distributes master queries to hundreds of forms with no error, yet is implemented with only a handful translation rules.
The VLDB Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 2013
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud