Gene amplified in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) 1 (GASC1), also known as KDM4C/JMJD2C, encodes a histone demethylase that specifically demethylates lysine residues (H3K9, H3K36, and H1.4K26) and plays a crucial role in the regulation of gene expression as well as in heterochromatin formation. GASC1 is located at human chromosome 9p23–24, where frequent genomic amplification is observed in human esophageal cancer, and its aberrant expression is detected in a variety of human cancers, such as breast, colon, and prostate. Therefore, it is highly likely that GASC1 contributes to the genesis and/or development of cancer. However, there is a lack of direct evidence of GASC1 having an oncogenic function. In this study, we aimed to clarify the role of GASC1 in the skin SCC carcinogenesis. For this purpose, we generated Gasc1-heterozygous mice (Gasc1 +/−) with reduced expression of Gasc1. On the basis of our results, Gasc1 +/− mice displayed a significantly lower incidence and multiplicity of both benign and malignant tumors induced by the two-stage skin carcinogenesis protocol than wild-type mice. In addition, the volume of carcinoma was significantly lower in Gasc1 +/− mice. Consistent with these observations, knocking down of Gasc1 resulted in reduced cell viability of SCC cells in vitro. Our findings clearly demonstrated that GASC1 has an oncogenic role in skin carcinogenesis.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 7, 2015
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera