The historical records show that the Northwestern Algeria has experienced more than 130 floods, which were sometimes catastrophic. They caused more than 1000 deaths and significant damage. In this work, we try to reconstruct the most devastating and deadly historical flood that occurred on November 26 and 27, 1927. This event is interesting to discuss disaster scenario because of its extent and impacts and the availability of data. For this purpose, we used historical press reports, scientific papers, and archival reports. This work allowed the reconstruction of the hydroclimatic situation during the flood and the regional scale impacts. It presents also the catastrophic flooding of the Ain Sefra river at Mostaganem and that of El Hammam river, as well as the Fergoug dam breaking at Mohammadia. The main factor triggering these floods was the heavy rainfall. Other factors have increased the damage such as the occupation of high-risk areas and the human failure. This event caused 430 killed persons, more than 1200 disaster victims, and around one billion francs losses. These effects evidence the high vulnerability of the Northwestern Algeria to the occurrence of floods. For that, if a similar event occurs in the future, it can be extremely negative.
Arabian Journal of Geosciences – Springer Journals
Published: May 12, 2018
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