Dithiocarbamate has been tested for its effective anti-tumor activity, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We previously prepared a novel diththiocarbamate derivative, DpdtC with an ability of catalase inhibition. Here, we for the first time investigated the growth inhibition effects of DpdtC on HER2-amplified cancer cells and elucidated its mechanism of action. Results showed that DpdtC exerted the potent anti-tumor effects against HER2-overexpressed SK-OV-3 and SK-BR-3 cells, especially on SK-OV-3 cells with a higher NDRG1 level, which was also confirmed in the SK-OV-3 xenograft model. Interestingly, we observed that NDRG1 was up-regulated, while membrane expression of HER2 was regressed in SK-OV-3 cells upon DpdtC treatment. In agreement, silencing endogenous NDRG1 also increased the expression of HER2 in SK-OV-3 cells, while overexpressing NDRG1 decreased HER2 expression in SK-BR-3 cells. Furthermore, our results showed the formation of the EGFR/HER2 heterodimer was attenuated and phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was inhibited in SK-OV-3 cells when treated with DpdtC. Collectively, these observations demonstrated that NDRG1 plays an important role in mediating the inhibition effects of DpdtC in HER2-overexpressed cancer cells via selective targeting of the HER2-ERK1/2 pathway. Hence, our investigation suggests that up-regulation of NDRG1 by DpdtC is a promising therapeutic approach in HER2-overexpressed cancers.
Scientific Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 21, 2018
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