THE non-structural polyprotein 3ABC of foot-and-mouth disease virus as a diagnostic antigen in ELISA to differentiate infected from vaccinated cattle

THE non-structural polyprotein 3ABC of foot-and-mouth disease virus as a diagnostic antigen in... A diagnostic assay to differentiate antibodies induced by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection from those induced by vaccination was developed. The test is an indirect-trapping ELISA which uses a monoclonal antibody to trap the non-structural 3ABC-FMDV polypeptide expressed in E. coli . Experimental and field sera from naive, vaccinated and infected cattle were examined. Using the established threshold of 0.20 optical density units, the sensitivity of the assay was 100%, as all the experimental post-infection sera (n°=137) gave values greater than this threshold, irrespective of the FMDV serotype used for the infection. In contrast, more than 99% of sera from vaccinated animals were negative (225 out of 228 primo-vaccinates and 159 out of 159 multi-vaccinates). A high degree of specificity was also confirmed by the finding that 99.5% (442 out of 444) of sera from naive animals gave negative results. Serum conversion against 3ABC was first detected 8 days post-infection and demonstrable levels of 3ABC specific antibodies were detectable at least 1 year post-infection. The described 3ABC-ELISA is safe, cheap and also easy to perform in large scale serological surveys. The high specificity and sensitivity makes this test an ideal tool for FMD eradication campaigns and control programs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

THE non-structural polyprotein 3ABC of foot-and-mouth disease virus as a diagnostic antigen in ELISA to differentiate infected from vaccinated cattle

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-non-structural-polyprotein-3abc-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-as-zH4ueNx2g0
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1997 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050219
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A diagnostic assay to differentiate antibodies induced by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection from those induced by vaccination was developed. The test is an indirect-trapping ELISA which uses a monoclonal antibody to trap the non-structural 3ABC-FMDV polypeptide expressed in E. coli . Experimental and field sera from naive, vaccinated and infected cattle were examined. Using the established threshold of 0.20 optical density units, the sensitivity of the assay was 100%, as all the experimental post-infection sera (n°=137) gave values greater than this threshold, irrespective of the FMDV serotype used for the infection. In contrast, more than 99% of sera from vaccinated animals were negative (225 out of 228 primo-vaccinates and 159 out of 159 multi-vaccinates). A high degree of specificity was also confirmed by the finding that 99.5% (442 out of 444) of sera from naive animals gave negative results. Serum conversion against 3ABC was first detected 8 days post-infection and demonstrable levels of 3ABC specific antibodies were detectable at least 1 year post-infection. The described 3ABC-ELISA is safe, cheap and also easy to perform in large scale serological surveys. The high specificity and sensitivity makes this test an ideal tool for FMD eradication campaigns and control programs.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 1997

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off