A diagnostic assay to differentiate antibodies induced by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection from those induced by vaccination was developed. The test is an indirect-trapping ELISA which uses a monoclonal antibody to trap the non-structural 3ABC-FMDV polypeptide expressed in E. coli . Experimental and field sera from naive, vaccinated and infected cattle were examined. Using the established threshold of 0.20 optical density units, the sensitivity of the assay was 100%, as all the experimental post-infection sera (n°=137) gave values greater than this threshold, irrespective of the FMDV serotype used for the infection. In contrast, more than 99% of sera from vaccinated animals were negative (225 out of 228 primo-vaccinates and 159 out of 159 multi-vaccinates). A high degree of specificity was also confirmed by the finding that 99.5% (442 out of 444) of sera from naive animals gave negative results. Serum conversion against 3ABC was first detected 8 days post-infection and demonstrable levels of 3ABC specific antibodies were detectable at least 1 year post-infection. The described 3ABC-ELISA is safe, cheap and also easy to perform in large scale serological surveys. The high specificity and sensitivity makes this test an ideal tool for FMD eradication campaigns and control programs.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 1997
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