Immediate membrane sealing after spinal cord injury (SCI) can prevent further degradation and result in ultimate functional recovery. It has been reported that polyethylene glycol (PEG) can repair membrane damage caused by mechanical insults to the spinal cord. Furthermore, membrane fluidity and its sealing process vary at different temperatures. Here, we have assessed the possible synergistic effects of PEG and temperature on the repair of neural membranes in an SCI model. The effects of PEGs (400, 1,000 and 2,000 Da) were studied at different temperatures (25, 37 and 40 °C) by means of compound action potential (CAP) recovery and a lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay. Isolated spinal cords were mounted in a double sucrose gap chamber, where the amplitude and area of CAPs were recorded after implementing injury, in the presence and absence of PEG. Moreover, the LDH assay was used to assess the effects of PEG on membrane resealing. Data showed that the least CAP recovery occurred at 25 °C, followed by 37 and 40 °C, in all treated groups. Moreover, maximum CAP amplitude recovery, 65.46 ± 5.04 %, was monitored in the presence of PEG400 at 40 °C, followed by 41.49 ± 2.41 % in PEG1000 and 37.36 ± 1.62 % in PEG2000. Furthermore, raising the temperature from 37 to 40 °C significantly increased CAP recovery in the PEG2000 group. Similar recovery patterns were obtained by CAP area measurements and LDH assay. The results suggest that application of low-molecular weight PEG (PEG400) in mild hyperthermia conditions (40 °C) provides the optimum condition for membrane sealing in SCI model.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 23, 2013
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