In the virtual multidimensional space of integral biocenotic characteristics, such as abundance, the sizes of individuals, and the components of species diversity, which are scaled on corresponding coordinate axes, the points that represent samples from various biocenotic assemblages, form similar multi-layered hill-shaped figures. The examples we considered are the pelagic macrofauna of the Bering Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan and the adjacent waters of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean; the phytoplankton, zooplankton, and zoobenthos of Lake Ladoga, the Neva Bay, and the Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea; the beetle guild in the rainforest of Borneo Island on the Malay Archipelago; and the bird taxocenes and biotope groups of soil mites in North America, among others. The obvious similarity of the composed diagrams results from the close interrelationships of all the integral characteristics and also from the universality of the structure of links between them, which is tolerant to movements in the real space-time continuum and invariant towards the subject of the studies. The multidimensional domain of the analyzed variables is a set of points that are aggregated along a segment, whose length and orientation relative to the coordinate axes determine the general rules of the biocenotic organization of the living matter.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 4, 2013
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