The mouse Clc1/myotonia gene: ETn insertion, a variable AATC repeat, and PCR diagnosis of alleles

The mouse Clc1/myotonia gene: ETn insertion, a variable AATC repeat, and PCR diagnosis of alleles Myotonias are muscle diseases in which the function of the muscular chloride channel ClC-1 is impaired. Null alleles of the corresponding Clc1 gene on mouse chromosome (Chr) 6 provide animal models for human myotonias. It was shown that the allele adr (Clc1 adr ) is due to an insertion of an ETn type transposon that is transcribed and leads to multiple splicing events; the allele mto (Clc1 adr-mto ) involves a stop codon near the N-terminus. We have determined the genomic organization of the mouse Clc1 gene and the sequence requirements for the transposon insertion in the Clc1 adr allele. The mouse Clc1 gene is composed of 23 exons, ranging from 39 to 372 bp, and spans approximately 23 kb of genomic DNA. The exon/intron organization is highly homologous to that of the human CLCN1 gene; the homology of the coding sequence is 97% to rat and 89% to human. In the adr allele the ETn transposon is inserted into intron 12, the largest intron. Whereas the 5′ and 3′ LTR sequences of the ETn transposon are homologous to those reported for other insertional mutations of the mouse, no consensus motif for an insertion target site could be defined. On the basis of flanking sequences, we provide duplex PCR diagnoses for the adr, adr-mto, and wild-type alleles of Clc1. Close to the 3′ end of intron 12, a tetranucleotide repeat (AATC)n was found that is polymorphic between mouse species Mus musculus, M. molossinus, M. castaneus, and M. spretus, and can thus be used for chromosomal mapping studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

The mouse Clc1/myotonia gene: ETn insertion, a variable AATC repeat, and PCR diagnosis of alleles

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-mouse-clc1-myotonia-gene-etn-insertion-a-variable-aatc-repeat-and-LZ7qGplleS
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003359900553
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Myotonias are muscle diseases in which the function of the muscular chloride channel ClC-1 is impaired. Null alleles of the corresponding Clc1 gene on mouse chromosome (Chr) 6 provide animal models for human myotonias. It was shown that the allele adr (Clc1 adr ) is due to an insertion of an ETn type transposon that is transcribed and leads to multiple splicing events; the allele mto (Clc1 adr-mto ) involves a stop codon near the N-terminus. We have determined the genomic organization of the mouse Clc1 gene and the sequence requirements for the transposon insertion in the Clc1 adr allele. The mouse Clc1 gene is composed of 23 exons, ranging from 39 to 372 bp, and spans approximately 23 kb of genomic DNA. The exon/intron organization is highly homologous to that of the human CLCN1 gene; the homology of the coding sequence is 97% to rat and 89% to human. In the adr allele the ETn transposon is inserted into intron 12, the largest intron. Whereas the 5′ and 3′ LTR sequences of the ETn transposon are homologous to those reported for other insertional mutations of the mouse, no consensus motif for an insertion target site could be defined. On the basis of flanking sequences, we provide duplex PCR diagnoses for the adr, adr-mto, and wild-type alleles of Clc1. Close to the 3′ end of intron 12, a tetranucleotide repeat (AATC)n was found that is polymorphic between mouse species Mus musculus, M. molossinus, M. castaneus, and M. spretus, and can thus be used for chromosomal mapping studies.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 1, 1997

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off