The most common errors of capacitance grain moisture sensors: effect of volume change during harvest

The most common errors of capacitance grain moisture sensors: effect of volume change during harvest The objective of this study was to investigate the inaccuracy of a capacitance moisture sensor mounted on a combine harvester based on the datasets of six consecutive years. Variation of sensed volume is a major cause of measurement error for a capacitive sensor. The percentage of the sensed volume occupied by grain changes continuously by filling and emptying of the grain bin, which causes a large fluctuation in sensor output during on-the-go moisture sensing. At the beginning of the bin filling process when the grain bin is empty, under-measures were recorded and when it is approximately 60 % full, large over-measures are observed compared to the actual moisture values. This effect mainly influences the precision of the recorded site-specific moisture values and causes inaccurate yield maps. To assess the effect of varying sensed volume content during harvest operation, a bin level transmitter sensor was mounted on the top of the grain bin to continuously measure the height of the grain. A clear correlation between the actual amount of material (available space) in the grain bin to the bias from the standard moisture was demonstrated. The coefficient of determination was R2 = 0.86 for corn (Zea mays L.) and R2 = 0.87 for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). By using equations generated from the datasets of consecutive years (2008, 2009 and 2010), an effective post-correction method for the recorded data is proposed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

The most common errors of capacitance grain moisture sensors: effect of volume change during harvest

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Meteorology/Climatology
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-012-9289-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the inaccuracy of a capacitance moisture sensor mounted on a combine harvester based on the datasets of six consecutive years. Variation of sensed volume is a major cause of measurement error for a capacitive sensor. The percentage of the sensed volume occupied by grain changes continuously by filling and emptying of the grain bin, which causes a large fluctuation in sensor output during on-the-go moisture sensing. At the beginning of the bin filling process when the grain bin is empty, under-measures were recorded and when it is approximately 60 % full, large over-measures are observed compared to the actual moisture values. This effect mainly influences the precision of the recorded site-specific moisture values and causes inaccurate yield maps. To assess the effect of varying sensed volume content during harvest operation, a bin level transmitter sensor was mounted on the top of the grain bin to continuously measure the height of the grain. A clear correlation between the actual amount of material (available space) in the grain bin to the bias from the standard moisture was demonstrated. The coefficient of determination was R2 = 0.86 for corn (Zea mays L.) and R2 = 0.87 for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). By using equations generated from the datasets of consecutive years (2008, 2009 and 2010), an effective post-correction method for the recorded data is proposed.

Journal

Precision AgricultureSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 20, 2012

References

  • Acoustic on-line grain moisture meter
    Amoodeh, MT; Khoshtaghaza, MH; Minaei, S
  • Grain yield mapping: Yield sensing, yield reconstruction, and errors
    Arslan, S; Colvin, ST

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