The Morphology of the Phoronid Phoronopsis harmeri

The Morphology of the Phoronid Phoronopsis harmeri We studied the morphology and gross anatomy of the phoronid Phoronopsis harmeriusing light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The body of Ph. harmeriis subdivided into several regions: a lophophore, a head, anterior, and posterior parts of the body, and an ampulla. The lophophore is spiral and comprises 0.5 turns. In males, there are lophophoral organs in the tentacular crown; under the lophophore, there is an epithelial fold or collar. The internal organization shows partitioning into three coeloms: the coelom of the epistome, the tentacular coelom, and the trunk coelom. The trunk coelom is divided into a series of chambers by a complex system of mesenteries. The intestine is U-shaped, and the epistome is located above the mouth opening. The circulatory system is closed and consists of the following vessels: the efferent and afferent “circular”, left and right lateral (efferent), and medial (afferent) vessels. In Ph. harmeri, there is a dorsolateral (afferent) vessel running through the ampulla and the lower part of the posterior trunk region. The excretory system is composed of paired metanephridia that resemble asymmetrical U-shaped tubes. Sexual dimorphism is characteristic of the structure of the distal part of the nephridium, which opens into the body cavity. The nervous system consists of a dorsal nervous field, a circular nerve plexus, and a giant left nerve fiber. Ph. harmeriis a dioecious species; the gametes develop in a vasoperitoneal tissue that envelops the intestine in the posterior part of the trunk region. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

The Morphology of the Phoronid Phoronopsis harmeri

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1018829722129
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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