We studied the morphology and gross anatomy of the phoronid Phoronopsis harmeriusing light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The body of Ph. harmeriis subdivided into several regions: a lophophore, a head, anterior, and posterior parts of the body, and an ampulla. The lophophore is spiral and comprises 0.5 turns. In males, there are lophophoral organs in the tentacular crown; under the lophophore, there is an epithelial fold or collar. The internal organization shows partitioning into three coeloms: the coelom of the epistome, the tentacular coelom, and the trunk coelom. The trunk coelom is divided into a series of chambers by a complex system of mesenteries. The intestine is U-shaped, and the epistome is located above the mouth opening. The circulatory system is closed and consists of the following vessels: the efferent and afferent “circular”, left and right lateral (efferent), and medial (afferent) vessels. In Ph. harmeri, there is a dorsolateral (afferent) vessel running through the ampulla and the lower part of the posterior trunk region. The excretory system is composed of paired metanephridia that resemble asymmetrical U-shaped tubes. Sexual dimorphism is characteristic of the structure of the distal part of the nephridium, which opens into the body cavity. The nervous system consists of a dorsal nervous field, a circular nerve plexus, and a giant left nerve fiber. Ph. harmeriis a dioecious species; the gametes develop in a vasoperitoneal tissue that envelops the intestine in the posterior part of the trunk region.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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