Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the fine morphology of the frontal filaments (FFs) in nauplial stages of the barnacles Verruca stroemia (Müller, 1776) and Hesperibalanus hesperius (Pilsbry, 1916). Changes in the FF structure in the course of development were examined. The FFs that were revealed in nauplial stage II were retained at all the subsequent nauplial stages. Small openings, which were located either apically or subapically, were found at the top of each FF in both species. In addition, the surface of an FF bears longitudinal grooves. The FFs are not separated from the body; however, each of them has a constriction at the base. In the nauplii of both species, the FFs have a wide proximal and a thin distal part. The area between the proximal and distal parts in V. stroemia has the form of a single crease; in H. hesperius, it resembles an accordion-shaped series of creases. The length ratio of the proximal/distal parts remains constant during all nauplial stages, but it varies between species. The proximal part constitutes 20–25% of the FF length in V. stroemia, while in H. hesperius the proximal and distal parts are approximately equal. The frontal filament length increases proportionally to the length of the larval body in the course of development. The possible functions of FFs as sense organs, their occurrence among the crustaceans, and possible homology with the preantennal limbs are discussed.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 4, 2015
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera