The morphology of the apical organ and adjacent epithelium of pilidium prorecurvatum, a pelagic larva of an unknown heteronemertean (Nemertea)

The morphology of the apical organ and adjacent epithelium of pilidium prorecurvatum, a pelagic... The morphology of pilidia ex gr. recurvatum from Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan) was studied by confocal laser scanning and transmission-electron microscopy. The studied pilidium larvae differ from pilidium recurvatum in lacking a posterior ciliary ring and by the presence of a caudal tuft. On this basis, pilidium prorecurvatum is proposed as a new name for the lavae. The apical organ of pilidium prorecurvatum is represented by a thickened epithelium, which consists of uniform columnar monociliary collar cells and is innervated by a pair of serotonergic intraepithelial neurons. The bodies of the serotonergic neurons are located outside of the apical organ, but occasional axons were found at the organ base. The rest of the pilidial epithelium is represented by flattened polygonal multiciliated cells with sparse microvilli; the bodies of two neurons lie in the helmet epithelium immediately adjacent to the apical organ. Morphologically, the apical organ of the pilidium corresponds well to that of other lophotrochozoan larvae, but their homology remains unclear. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

The morphology of the apical organ and adjacent epithelium of pilidium prorecurvatum, a pelagic larva of an unknown heteronemertean (Nemertea)

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S106307401302003X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The morphology of pilidia ex gr. recurvatum from Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan) was studied by confocal laser scanning and transmission-electron microscopy. The studied pilidium larvae differ from pilidium recurvatum in lacking a posterior ciliary ring and by the presence of a caudal tuft. On this basis, pilidium prorecurvatum is proposed as a new name for the lavae. The apical organ of pilidium prorecurvatum is represented by a thickened epithelium, which consists of uniform columnar monociliary collar cells and is innervated by a pair of serotonergic intraepithelial neurons. The bodies of the serotonergic neurons are located outside of the apical organ, but occasional axons were found at the organ base. The rest of the pilidial epithelium is represented by flattened polygonal multiciliated cells with sparse microvilli; the bodies of two neurons lie in the helmet epithelium immediately adjacent to the apical organ. Morphologically, the apical organ of the pilidium corresponds well to that of other lophotrochozoan larvae, but their homology remains unclear.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 8, 2013

References

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