Normally, high scores on the MMPI L (Lie) scale are associated with underreporting of symptoms. However, in certain circum- stances, such as disability applications and personal injury litigation, individuals may be motivated to convey elevated symp- tomatology in combination with exaggerated portrayals of virtuosity and truthfulness. Information about tests may help guide this impression management pattern. The current case report illustrates these points and demonstrates that acquired information can motivate an individual, under the right circumstances, to increase their endorsement of uncommon virtues. Clinicians and forensic examiners are encouraged to remain alert to how test information interacts with an individual’s presentation motives. . . . . . Keywords Lscale MMPI-2 Coaching Test instructions Validity Case report Elevated scores on the L (Lie) scale of the Minnesota Unfortunately, one condition that can influence the classi- Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI: Butcher, fication accuracy of L and other MMPI-2 validity scales is Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989; MMPI-2: Butcher, when individuals are presented with information on test con- Graham, Ben-Porath, Tellegen, & Dahlstrom, 2001) reflect struction and interpretive principles (e.g., Baer & Miller, conscious attempts at impression management: specifically, 2002; Bury & Bagby, 2002;Storm &Graham, 2000). the extent to which an individual
Psychological Injury and Law – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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