The Microbiome That Shapes Us: Can It Cause Obesity?

The Microbiome That Shapes Us: Can It Cause Obesity? Curr Gastroenterol Rep (2017) 19: 59 NUTRITION AND OBESITY (S MCCLAVE AND J OBERT, SECTION EDITORS) 1 1 Endashaw Omer & Hadi Atassi Published online: 27 October 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017 . . Abstract disease Diabetes mellitus Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Purpose of Review We sought to examine the effects of the (NAFLD) gut microbial makeup on weight gain and obesity. We wanted to find out what the current research on this topic was and what the effect of the gut microbiota on energy metabolism Background is, as well the effects of diet on the microbiome and what effect the microbiome has on metabolic syndrome. The human digestive system is made up of trillions of mi- Recent Findings Obesity is thought to be due to greater calo- crobes, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses, which collec- rie intake than expenditure. Recently, research has looked into tively are known as the microbiome. The gut microbiota is the effects of the microbiome on obesity. Our gut flora is made made up mainly of four phyla, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, up of trillions of microbes and there is evidence to suggest that Actinobacteria,and Proteobacteria [1�� ]. Recently, there has even from the Current Gastroenterology Reports Springer Journals

The Microbiome That Shapes Us: Can It Cause Obesity?

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Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Medicine & Public Health; Gastroenterology
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