As of today, classical genetics has already completed the majority of groundwork to describe the laws of inheritance, identify the causes of many human diseases, and dissect the mechanisms of transfer of genetic information from parents to offspring. However, recent studies indicate that inheritance of phenotypic traits may also occur through nongenetic factors, in particular, through epigenetic factors, that manifest their effects in a transgenerational fashion. This review discusses findings in the area of transgenerational inheritance that open a new era in modern genetics. We discuss the mechanisms of transgenerational inheritance, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA transfer, and give an overview of the approaches to detect transgenerational effects in humans.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 13, 2016
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