The mechanisms of transgenerational inheritance and their potential contribution to human phenotypes

The mechanisms of transgenerational inheritance and their potential contribution to human phenotypes As of today, classical genetics has already completed the majority of groundwork to describe the laws of inheritance, identify the causes of many human diseases, and dissect the mechanisms of transfer of genetic information from parents to offspring. However, recent studies indicate that inheritance of phenotypic traits may also occur through nongenetic factors, in particular, through epigenetic factors, that manifest their effects in a transgenerational fashion. This review discusses findings in the area of transgenerational inheritance that open a new era in modern genetics. We discuss the mechanisms of transgenerational inheritance, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA transfer, and give an overview of the approaches to detect transgenerational effects in humans. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

The mechanisms of transgenerational inheritance and their potential contribution to human phenotypes

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795416030145
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

As of today, classical genetics has already completed the majority of groundwork to describe the laws of inheritance, identify the causes of many human diseases, and dissect the mechanisms of transfer of genetic information from parents to offspring. However, recent studies indicate that inheritance of phenotypic traits may also occur through nongenetic factors, in particular, through epigenetic factors, that manifest their effects in a transgenerational fashion. This review discusses findings in the area of transgenerational inheritance that open a new era in modern genetics. We discuss the mechanisms of transgenerational inheritance, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA transfer, and give an overview of the approaches to detect transgenerational effects in humans.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 13, 2016

References

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