Effect of chromosomal rearrangements on the expression of mutations was studied in Drosophila melanogaster regulatory genes. These were facultative dominant lethals and recessive lethals on the X chromosome obtained by the classical Muller-5 method. Chromosomal rearrangements drastically changed the expression of regulatory gene mutations. Rearrangements either caused the lethal effect of mutations or suppressed the already present lethality. The action of rearrangements exhibited the maternal or paternal effect. Irrespective of the presence in the genome of mutations of regulatory genes, a rearrangement acted as a factor decreasing fertility of the organism. The rearrangement effect is identical to the expression of regulatory genes per se. It is concluded that the chromosomal rearrangement affects the examined regulatory genes indirectly through a change in the operation of regulatory genes located within the rearrangement. Thus, rearrangements gain great importance for the definition of the pattern of genome functional activity. Widespread distribution of rearrangements in individual genotypes and their effectivity in the process of speciation are thus explained.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 20, 2004
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