The Main Effect of Chromosomal Rearrangement Is Changing the Action of Regulatory Genes

The Main Effect of Chromosomal Rearrangement Is Changing the Action of Regulatory Genes Effect of chromosomal rearrangements on the expression of mutations was studied in Drosophila melanogaster regulatory genes. These were facultative dominant lethals and recessive lethals on the X chromosome obtained by the classical Muller-5 method. Chromosomal rearrangements drastically changed the expression of regulatory gene mutations. Rearrangements either caused the lethal effect of mutations or suppressed the already present lethality. The action of rearrangements exhibited the maternal or paternal effect. Irrespective of the presence in the genome of mutations of regulatory genes, a rearrangement acted as a factor decreasing fertility of the organism. The rearrangement effect is identical to the expression of regulatory genes per se. It is concluded that the chromosomal rearrangement affects the examined regulatory genes indirectly through a change in the operation of regulatory genes located within the rearrangement. Thus, rearrangements gain great importance for the definition of the pattern of genome functional activity. Widespread distribution of rearrangements in individual genotypes and their effectivity in the process of speciation are thus explained. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

The Main Effect of Chromosomal Rearrangement Is Changing the Action of Regulatory Genes

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUGE.0000036520.93159.a5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Effect of chromosomal rearrangements on the expression of mutations was studied in Drosophila melanogaster regulatory genes. These were facultative dominant lethals and recessive lethals on the X chromosome obtained by the classical Muller-5 method. Chromosomal rearrangements drastically changed the expression of regulatory gene mutations. Rearrangements either caused the lethal effect of mutations or suppressed the already present lethality. The action of rearrangements exhibited the maternal or paternal effect. Irrespective of the presence in the genome of mutations of regulatory genes, a rearrangement acted as a factor decreasing fertility of the organism. The rearrangement effect is identical to the expression of regulatory genes per se. It is concluded that the chromosomal rearrangement affects the examined regulatory genes indirectly through a change in the operation of regulatory genes located within the rearrangement. Thus, rearrangements gain great importance for the definition of the pattern of genome functional activity. Widespread distribution of rearrangements in individual genotypes and their effectivity in the process of speciation are thus explained.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 20, 2004

References

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