In eukaryotes, the precise transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulations of gene expression are crucial for the developmental processes. More than 100 types of post-transcriptional RNA modifications have been identified in eukaryotes. The deposition of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) into mRNA is among the most common post-transcriptional RNA modifications known in eukaryotes. It has been reported that m6A RNA modification can regulate gene expression. The role of yeast m6A methyltransferase (Ime4) in meiosis and sporulation in diploid cells is very well proven, but its physiological role in haploid cells has remained unknown until recently. Previously, we have shown that Ime4 epitranscriptionally regulates triacylglycerol (TAG) metabolism and vacuolar morphology in haploid cells. Mitochondrial dysfunction leads to TAG accumulation as lipid droplets (LDs) in the cells; besides, LDs are physically connected to the mitochondria. As of now there are no reports on the role of Ime4 in mitochondrial biology. Here we report the important role played by Ime4 in the mitochondrial morphology and functions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The confocal microscopic analysis showed that IME4 gene deletion causes mitochondrial fragmentation; besides, the ime4Δ cells showed a significant decrease in cytochrome c oxidase and citrate synthase activities compared to the wild-type cells. IME4 gene deletion causes mitochondrial dysfunction, and it will be interesting to find out the target genes of Ime4 related to the mitochondrial biology. The determination of the role of Ime4 and its targets in mitochondrial biology could probably help in formulating potential cures for the mitochondria-linked rare genetic disorders.
Current Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2017
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