Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 42, Nos.3–4, 2001 REFRACTORIES AT THE USER The lining of furnace units employed in the cement in- failure of a refractory material to form the protective skull on dustry is an important component of the operating equipment its surface will appreciably reduce the service life of the lin- and determines, to a significant extent, the coefficient of uti- ing in the sintering zone. lization of the equipment. Increasing the strength and thermal resistance of the re- At present, one is aware of a distinct trend in the tech fractory lining has important practical implications. The vast nique of clinker calcination directed at intensifying techno- range of factors that determine the performance characteris- logical processes and thus at increasing the productive ca- tics of the lining and the complexity of the processes involved pacity of furnace units. The increased size of the kilns, espe- cially their diameter, intensification of the process of clinker in the interaction between refractory material and portland calcination, and the increased power of furnace units have cement clinker and in the formation of the skull present re- led to heavy-duty operating conditions of the lining; for this searchers and technologists, both
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 9, 2004
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