Hydrobiologia https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-018-3653-5 NORTH SEA OPEN SCIENCE CONFERENCE The large-scale impact of offshore wind farm structures on pelagic primary productivity in the southern North Sea . . . . Kaela Slavik Carsten Lemmen Wenyan Zhang Onur Kerimoglu Knut Klingbeil Kai W. Wirtz Received: 11 September 2017 / Revised: 9 May 2018 / Accepted: 14 May 2018 Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract The increasing demand for renewable increased potential distribution based on the current energy is projected to result in a 40-fold increase in projections of turbine locations and reported patterns offshore wind electricity in the European Union by of M. edulis settlement. This distribution is integrated 2030. Despite a great number of local impact studies through the Modular Coupling System for Shelves and for selected marine populations, the regional ecosys- Coasts to state-of-the-art hydrodynamic and ecosys- tem impacts of offshore wind farm (OWF) structures tem models. Our simulations reveal non-negligible are not yet well assessed nor understood. Our study potential changes in regional annual primary produc- investigates whether the accumulation of epifauna, tivity of up to 8% within the OWF area, and induced dominated by the ﬁlter feeder Mytilus edulis (blue maximal increases of the
Hydrobiologia – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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