The levels of dopamine (DA) was determined by intracerebral microdialysis in vivo in KM rats selected for high audiogenic epilepsy, and in Wistar rats selected for nonsusceptibility to loud sound. The basal level of dopamine was 25% higher in the KM rats (P < 0.05). A single amphetamine injection (1 mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneously) caused a significant increase in the DA basal level up to 250-260% in animals of both genotypes. However, in Wistar rats, the level of DA reached maximum as soon as 20 min after amphetamine administration, whereas in KM rats, this happened only after 120 min. After a single injection of the D2/D3 dopamine receptor antagonist raclopride (1.2 mg/kg of body weight, intraperitoneously), an increase in the level of DA was similar in amplitude in rats of both genotypes (up to about 210%); however, this occurred 20-30 and 100 min after raclopride administration to Wistar and KM rats, respectively. This evidence suggests that the genetic defect of KM rats, namely, the high level of audiogenic epilepsy, is caused by abnormalities of the neurotransmitter brain systems and presumably accompanied by the regulatory gene dysfunction.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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