Purpose: The objectives of this review are to summarize the current practices and major recent advances in critical care nutrition and metabolism, review common beliefs that have been contradicted by recent trials, highlight key remaining areas of uncertainty, and suggest recommendations for the top 10 studies/trials to be done in the next 10 years. Methods: Recent literature was reviewed and developments and knowledge gaps were summarized. The panel identified candidate topics for future trials in critical care nutrition and metabolism. Then, members of the panel rated each one of the topics using a grading system (0–4). Potential studies were ranked on the basis of average score. Results: Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have challenged several concepts, including the notion that energy expenditure must be met universally in all critically ill patients during the acute phase of critical illness, the routine monitoring of gastric residual volume, and the value of immune‑ modulating nutrition. The optimal protein dose combined with standardized active and passive mobilization during the acute phase and post‑ acute phase of critical illness were the top ranked studies for the next 10 years. Nutritional assessment, nutritional strategies in criti‑ cally obese patients, and the effects of continuous versus
Intensive Care Medicine – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 3, 2017
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