The influenza A virus matrix protein 2 undergoes retrograde transport from the endoplasmic reticulum into the cytoplasm and bypasses cytoplasmic proteasomal degradation

The influenza A virus matrix protein 2 undergoes retrograde transport from the endoplasmic... The matrix protein 2 (M2) is a spliced product of segment 7 genome of influenza A virus. Previous studies indicate its role in uncoating of the viral ribonucleoprotein complex during viral entry and in membrane scission while budding. Despite its crucial role in the viral life cycle, little is known about its subcellular distribution and dynamics. In this study, we have shown that the M2 protein is translocated from the membrane to the cytoplasm by a retrograde route via endosomes and the Golgi network. It utilizes retromer cargo while moving from the endosome to the trans-Golgi network and prevents endosome fusion with the lysosome. Further, M2 interacts with the endoplasmic-reticulum-resident AAA-ATPase p97 for its release into the cytoplasm. Our study also revealed that the M2 protein in the cellular milieu does not undergo ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation. The migration of M2 through this pathway inside the infected cell suggests possible new roles that the M2 protein may have in the host cytoplasm, apart from its previously described functions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The influenza A virus matrix protein 2 undergoes retrograde transport from the endoplasmic reticulum into the cytoplasm and bypasses cytoplasmic proteasomal degradation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-influenza-a-virus-matrix-protein-2-undergoes-retrograde-transport-gORELPeIf2
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-016-3153-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The matrix protein 2 (M2) is a spliced product of segment 7 genome of influenza A virus. Previous studies indicate its role in uncoating of the viral ribonucleoprotein complex during viral entry and in membrane scission while budding. Despite its crucial role in the viral life cycle, little is known about its subcellular distribution and dynamics. In this study, we have shown that the M2 protein is translocated from the membrane to the cytoplasm by a retrograde route via endosomes and the Golgi network. It utilizes retromer cargo while moving from the endosome to the trans-Golgi network and prevents endosome fusion with the lysosome. Further, M2 interacts with the endoplasmic-reticulum-resident AAA-ATPase p97 for its release into the cytoplasm. Our study also revealed that the M2 protein in the cellular milieu does not undergo ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation. The migration of M2 through this pathway inside the infected cell suggests possible new roles that the M2 protein may have in the host cytoplasm, apart from its previously described functions.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 9, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off