The influence of pump rotation speed on hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism in left ventricular assist device support with aortic valve regurgitation

The influence of pump rotation speed on hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism in left... Aortic valve regurgitation (AR) is a serious complication under left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. AR causes LVAD-left ventricular (LV) recirculation, which makes it difficult to continue LVAD support. However, the hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism of LVAD support with AR have not been clarified, especially, how pump rotation speed influences them. An animal model of LVAD with AR was newly developed, and how pump rotation speed influences hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism was examined in acute animal experiments. Five goats (55 ± 9.3 kg) underwent centrifugal type LVAD, EVAHEART implantation. The AR model was established by placing a vena cava filter in the aortic valve. Hemodynamic values and the myocardial oxygen consumption, delivery, and oxygen extraction ratio (O2ER) were evaluated with changing pump rotation speeds with or without AR (AR+, AR−). AR+ was defined as Sellers classification 3 or greater. AR was successfully induced in five goats. Diastolic aortic pressure was significantly lower in AR+ than AR− (p = 0.026). Central venous pressure, mean left atrial pressure, and diastolic left ventricular pressure were significantly higher in AR+ than AR− (p = 0.010, 0.047, and 0.0083, respectively). Although systemic flow did not improve with increasing pump rotation speed, LVAD pump flow increased over systemic flow in AR+, which meant increasing pump rotation speed increased LVAD-LV recirculation and did not contribute to effective systemic circulation. O2ER in AR− decreased with increasing pump rotation speed, but O2ER in AR+ was hard to decrease. The O2ER in AR+ correlated positively with the flow rate of LVAD-LV recirculation (p = 0.012). AR caused LVAD-LV recirculation that interfered with the cardiac assistance of LVAD support and made it ineffective to manage with high pump rotation speed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Artificial Organs Springer Journals

The influence of pump rotation speed on hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism in left ventricular assist device support with aortic valve regurgitation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-influence-of-pump-rotation-speed-on-hemodynamics-and-myocardial-0PY01YhaXc
Publisher
Springer Japan
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Cardiac Surgery; Nephrology; Biomedical Engineering
ISSN
1434-7229
eISSN
1619-0904
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10047-017-0960-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aortic valve regurgitation (AR) is a serious complication under left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. AR causes LVAD-left ventricular (LV) recirculation, which makes it difficult to continue LVAD support. However, the hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism of LVAD support with AR have not been clarified, especially, how pump rotation speed influences them. An animal model of LVAD with AR was newly developed, and how pump rotation speed influences hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism was examined in acute animal experiments. Five goats (55 ± 9.3 kg) underwent centrifugal type LVAD, EVAHEART implantation. The AR model was established by placing a vena cava filter in the aortic valve. Hemodynamic values and the myocardial oxygen consumption, delivery, and oxygen extraction ratio (O2ER) were evaluated with changing pump rotation speeds with or without AR (AR+, AR−). AR+ was defined as Sellers classification 3 or greater. AR was successfully induced in five goats. Diastolic aortic pressure was significantly lower in AR+ than AR− (p = 0.026). Central venous pressure, mean left atrial pressure, and diastolic left ventricular pressure were significantly higher in AR+ than AR− (p = 0.010, 0.047, and 0.0083, respectively). Although systemic flow did not improve with increasing pump rotation speed, LVAD pump flow increased over systemic flow in AR+, which meant increasing pump rotation speed increased LVAD-LV recirculation and did not contribute to effective systemic circulation. O2ER in AR− decreased with increasing pump rotation speed, but O2ER in AR+ was hard to decrease. The O2ER in AR+ correlated positively with the flow rate of LVAD-LV recirculation (p = 0.012). AR caused LVAD-LV recirculation that interfered with the cardiac assistance of LVAD support and made it ineffective to manage with high pump rotation speed.

Journal

Journal of Artificial OrgansSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 20, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off