The presence of hexavalent chromium salt in culture medium negatively affected the growth dynamics and physiological parameters of the benthic microalga Attheya ussurensis. After 1 day of exposure to toxicant at concentrations of 2, 4, 7, and 10 mg/l, the cell counts were 10, 7.9, 5.6, and 4.3 × 103 cells/ml, respectively (versus 13 × 103 cells/ml in the control). A tendency towards a decrease in cell number remained until the end of the experiments; after 7 days of exposure the cell counts were 133, 102, 11, and 7.5 × 103 cells/ml (versus 204 × 103 cells/ml in the control). With increase in potassium bichromate concentration in the culture medium, there was an increase in the ratio of cell height to width and a change in the form of the cell to horseshoe shaped. The contents of chlorophyll a in microalgal cells after 1 day of exposure to 2, 4, 7, and 10 mg/l were 40, 37, 34, and 30 μg/l, respectively (45 μg/l in the control). After 7 days, at chromium salt concentrations of 2 and 4 mg/l, the chlorophyll a content was higher (670 and 647 μg/l) than in the control (605 μg/l); at 7 and 10 mg/l, it significantly decreased to 87 and 65 μg/l, respectively. The contents of carotinoids in microalgal cells after 7 days of exposure to 2 and 4 mg/l were comparable to the control values, while at 7 and 10 mg/l they decreased sharply. The amount of phaeophytin (as a percentage of total chlorophyll a content) increased with increasing potassium bichromate concentration.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 21, 2011
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