The Impact of Fathers' Absence on African American Adolescents' Gender Role Development

The Impact of Fathers' Absence on African American Adolescents' Gender Role Development Gender role development was assessed in 52 father-absent and 54 father-present African American adolescents. Father-present boys, especially those from lower-income backgrounds, had higher perceptions of their masculinity than did father-absent boys. Lower income father-absent girls perceived themselves to be higher in masculinity than did all other girls. Consequently, father-present adolescents tended to have more traditional gender role orientations than did those in father-absent homes. It is argued that mothers' and fathers' different socializing strategies balance out in two-parent homes. However, in father-absent homes, mothers' tendency to rely on and pressure their daughters fosters relatively more masculine girls, whereas a lack of father socialization fosters less masculine boys. Implications for theory and future research are also discussed. Sex Roles Springer Journals

The Impact of Fathers' Absence on African American Adolescents' Gender Role Development

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science + Business Media, Inc.
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
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