The Impact of Comorbid Cannabis and Alcohol Use Disorders on the Functioning of College Students with Psychiatric Disorders

The Impact of Comorbid Cannabis and Alcohol Use Disorders on the Functioning of College Students... The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of substance use disorder among college youth receiving treatment for psychiatric illness and the impact of this comorbidity on educational disruption and functional outcomes. 113 college students treated at a hospital-based outpatient psychiatric program in Rhode Island from July 2012 to July 2013. Chart reviews yielded demographic information, psychiatric diagnoses, Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scores at initial evaluation, and occurrence of medical leave. Rates of medical leave and significant impairment (GAF ≤ 60) in participants with and without substance use disorders were analyzed with odds ratios adjusting for age and gender. Cannabis use (23.9%) and alcohol use (17.7%) disorders were significantly associated with lower GAF scores and medical leave for psychiatric illness. These associations were greater for cannabis use disorder. College students in psychiatric care could benefit from improved screening and treatment for both alcohol and cannabis use disorders. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction Springer Journals

The Impact of Comorbid Cannabis and Alcohol Use Disorders on the Functioning of College Students with Psychiatric Disorders

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health; Health Psychology; Psychology, general; Rehabilitation; Psychiatry; Community and Environmental Psychology
ISSN
1557-1874
eISSN
1557-1882
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11469-017-9815-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of substance use disorder among college youth receiving treatment for psychiatric illness and the impact of this comorbidity on educational disruption and functional outcomes. 113 college students treated at a hospital-based outpatient psychiatric program in Rhode Island from July 2012 to July 2013. Chart reviews yielded demographic information, psychiatric diagnoses, Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scores at initial evaluation, and occurrence of medical leave. Rates of medical leave and significant impairment (GAF ≤ 60) in participants with and without substance use disorders were analyzed with odds ratios adjusting for age and gender. Cannabis use (23.9%) and alcohol use (17.7%) disorders were significantly associated with lower GAF scores and medical leave for psychiatric illness. These associations were greater for cannabis use disorder. College students in psychiatric care could benefit from improved screening and treatment for both alcohol and cannabis use disorders.

Journal

International Journal of Mental Health and AddictionSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 22, 2017

References

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