The Immunoscore system predicts prognosis after liver metastasectomy in colorectal cancer liver metastases

The Immunoscore system predicts prognosis after liver metastasectomy in colorectal cancer liver... Background The Immunoscore was initially established to evaluate the prognosis of stage I/II/III colorectal cancer patients. However, the feasibility of the Immunoscore for the prognosis of colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRCLM) has not been reported. Methods Liver metastases in 249 CRCLM patients were retrospectively analyzed. The Immunoscore was assessed according to the counts and densities of CD3+ and CD8+ T cells in the central- and peritumoral areas by immunohistochemistry. The prognostic role of the Immunoscore for relapse–free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed with Kaplan– Meier curves and Cox multivariate models, and confirmed via an internal validation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to compare the prognostic values of the Immunoscore and the clinical risk score (CRS) system. Results CRCLM patients with high Immunoscores (> 2) had significantly longer RFS [median RFS (95% confidence interval; 95% CI) 21.4 (7.8–35.1) vs. 8.7 (6.8–10.5) months, P < 0.001] and OS [median OS (95% CI): not reached vs. 28.7 (23.2–34.2) months, P < 0.001] than those with low Immunoscores (≤ 2). After stratification by CRS, the Immunoscore retained a statistically significant prognostic value for OS. The areas under the ROC curves (AUROCs) of the Immunoscore and the CRS system for RFS were 0.711 [95% CI http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Immunology; Cancer Research
ISSN
0340-7004
eISSN
1432-0851
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00262-017-2094-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background The Immunoscore was initially established to evaluate the prognosis of stage I/II/III colorectal cancer patients. However, the feasibility of the Immunoscore for the prognosis of colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRCLM) has not been reported. Methods Liver metastases in 249 CRCLM patients were retrospectively analyzed. The Immunoscore was assessed according to the counts and densities of CD3+ and CD8+ T cells in the central- and peritumoral areas by immunohistochemistry. The prognostic role of the Immunoscore for relapse–free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed with Kaplan– Meier curves and Cox multivariate models, and confirmed via an internal validation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to compare the prognostic values of the Immunoscore and the clinical risk score (CRS) system. Results CRCLM patients with high Immunoscores (> 2) had significantly longer RFS [median RFS (95% confidence interval; 95% CI) 21.4 (7.8–35.1) vs. 8.7 (6.8–10.5) months, P < 0.001] and OS [median OS (95% CI): not reached vs. 28.7 (23.2–34.2) months, P < 0.001] than those with low Immunoscores (≤ 2). After stratification by CRS, the Immunoscore retained a statistically significant prognostic value for OS. The areas under the ROC curves (AUROCs) of the Immunoscore and the CRS system for RFS were 0.711 [95% CI

Journal

Cancer Immunology, ImmunotherapySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 4, 2017

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