Hepatobiliary complications of hypoalimentation and parenteral nutrition (PN) are widely recognised. Hypoalimentation in- cludes conditions such as anorexia nervosa (AN), obesity malnutrition and liver disease following bariatric surgery. Treatment of the underlying condition causing hypoalimentation can result in an improvement in liver dysfunction. Liver function test abnormalities are also commonly found in patients on PN, with the three main complications being steatosis, cholestasis and biliary system sludge/stones. Patients with intestinal failure receiving PN often have multiple possible aetiologies for liver dysfunction (rather than solely caused by the PN); hence, it is now more commonly referred to as intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). Liver enzyme abnormalities are very common with long-term PN use and do not always help with monitoring progression of IFALD. A systematic approach is required for investigating liver function abnormalities related to PN. The key management in IFALD is through prevention of sepsis, promoting intestinal health and restoring intestinal conti- nuity where possible. Avariety of imaging modalities can be used to investigate, and monitor, the liver disease. Most importantly, patients on PN for more than 28 days should be managed in a large centre with experience in managing intestinal failure to minimise the risk of such complications.
Irish Journal of Medical Science (1971 -) – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera