The Geostationary Ring

The Geostationary Ring FOREWORD The Slowenian-Austrian engineer Herman Potocnik (1892–1929) has probably never dreamt that his concept of the geostationary orbit would become a great success in the space age. In 1929, he published under the pseudonym Hermann Noordung, the book “Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums – Der Raketen Motor”, where he described a space station in the geostationary orbit for meteorological observations. In 1945, Arthur C. Clarke, familiar with the work of H. Potocnik, published the well-known article “Extra-Terrestrial Relays” in the journal “Wireless World”, where he explained the advantages of geostationary satellites for communication. Currently, about 300 operational spacecraft for telecommunication, navigation, meteorol- ogy, Earth observation, Earth surveillance and space science take advantage of the properties of this unique orbit. The ideal geostationary orbit is circular, lies in the plane of the Earth’s equator and completes one revolution in one sidereal day (1436.1 min). Because of the pres- ence of various types of perturbations, the ideal geostationary orbit is a fiction. In reality, all geostationary spacecraft have slightly eccentric and inclined orbits and the orbital period deviates slightly from one sidereal day. We denote the region in space that contains all operationally used geostationary spacecraft as the geostationary ring. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Space Debris Springer Journals

The Geostationary Ring

Space Debris , Volume 1 (4) – Sep 30, 2004
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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Engineering; Automotive Engineering; Law of the Sea, Air and Outer Space; Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
ISSN
1388-3828
eISSN
1572-9664
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1017442126528
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

FOREWORD The Slowenian-Austrian engineer Herman Potocnik (1892–1929) has probably never dreamt that his concept of the geostationary orbit would become a great success in the space age. In 1929, he published under the pseudonym Hermann Noordung, the book “Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums – Der Raketen Motor”, where he described a space station in the geostationary orbit for meteorological observations. In 1945, Arthur C. Clarke, familiar with the work of H. Potocnik, published the well-known article “Extra-Terrestrial Relays” in the journal “Wireless World”, where he explained the advantages of geostationary satellites for communication. Currently, about 300 operational spacecraft for telecommunication, navigation, meteorol- ogy, Earth observation, Earth surveillance and space science take advantage of the properties of this unique orbit. The ideal geostationary orbit is circular, lies in the plane of the Earth’s equator and completes one revolution in one sidereal day (1436.1 min). Because of the pres- ence of various types of perturbations, the ideal geostationary orbit is a fiction. In reality, all geostationary spacecraft have slightly eccentric and inclined orbits and the orbital period deviates slightly from one sidereal day. We denote the region in space that contains all operationally used geostationary spacecraft as the geostationary ring.

Journal

Space DebrisSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 30, 2004

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