The genetic structure of populations of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius from the northwestern Sea of Japan in connection with a shift in spawning time

The genetic structure of populations of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius from the... Usin seven allozyme loci as gene markers, we studied the genetic structure of ten natural populations of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius in the northwestern Sea of Japan that differ in the proportion of individuals with different spawning seasonality (early spawning at the end of May–June and late spawning in September-early October). This study revealed the spatial genetic heterogeneity of the sea-urchin populations (F st = 0.051); its degree was independent of the geographic distance between populations. Out of the seven loci that were surveyed, four loci (peptidase Pep-1, Pep-2, mannose phosphate isomerase Mpi, and inorganic pyrophosphatase Ipp) accounted for the differences between pairs of samples; different loci contributed to the variation in each sample pair. The genetic similarity between pairs of populations ranged from 0.905 to 0.988. The genetic heterogeneity of the sea-urchin populations seems to be a result of both genetic drift and natural selection. At the same time, no significant genetic differences were found between specimens of S. intermedius with different spawning times (the genetic similarity was 0.988–0.991). The shift in spawning season from autumn to early summer in the populations of S. intermedius inhabiting the areas of Peter the Great Bay adjacent to Vladivostok city can be explained by a phenotypic response of this species to environmental changes caused by chronic anthropogenic pollution of the bay. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

The genetic structure of populations of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius from the northwestern Sea of Japan in connection with a shift in spawning time

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074012040104
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Usin seven allozyme loci as gene markers, we studied the genetic structure of ten natural populations of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius in the northwestern Sea of Japan that differ in the proportion of individuals with different spawning seasonality (early spawning at the end of May–June and late spawning in September-early October). This study revealed the spatial genetic heterogeneity of the sea-urchin populations (F st = 0.051); its degree was independent of the geographic distance between populations. Out of the seven loci that were surveyed, four loci (peptidase Pep-1, Pep-2, mannose phosphate isomerase Mpi, and inorganic pyrophosphatase Ipp) accounted for the differences between pairs of samples; different loci contributed to the variation in each sample pair. The genetic similarity between pairs of populations ranged from 0.905 to 0.988. The genetic heterogeneity of the sea-urchin populations seems to be a result of both genetic drift and natural selection. At the same time, no significant genetic differences were found between specimens of S. intermedius with different spawning times (the genetic similarity was 0.988–0.991). The shift in spawning season from autumn to early summer in the populations of S. intermedius inhabiting the areas of Peter the Great Bay adjacent to Vladivostok city can be explained by a phenotypic response of this species to environmental changes caused by chronic anthropogenic pollution of the bay.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 25, 2012

References

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